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World Wildlife Fund and The Coca-Cola Company: A Global Partnership for Freshwater Conservation

This case is used in Darden's "Economics of Water" course elective. Suzanne Apple, senior vice president of private sector engagement at World Wildlife Fund-United States (WWF), was preparing for an important meeting with her counterpart at The Coca-Cola Company (TCCC). The two companies had formed a tremendously successful partnership several years earlier that focused on freshwater conservation ...

Rio Tinto's Ore Mining: Making Hay from Water

When the Rio Tinto mining company decided to increase its output of iron ore by 25% in its Marandoo location, it had to deal with an unexpected problem: an excess of water in the deep reaches of the mine. Because freshwater is a scarce resource in this region of Australia, Rio Tinto's challenge was to come up with a comprehensive water strategy for the region. This case is used in Darden's "Econom ...

Saudi Arabia: Oil for Water

In 2014, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia faced a freshwater shortage. Despite the global financial crisis, Saudi Arabia experienced modest economic expansion and increasing stress on its water infrastructure due to expanding agricultural production. The major investments in desalinization plants that the country expected to see had not yet materialized, furthering the strain on resources. This case, u ...

Illinois Teachers' Retirement System: Private Equity Performance

This case examines performance assessment in private equity (PE). Its main purpose is to familiarize students with the current guidelines regarding disclosure practices in PE and the performance metrics used to evaluate PE performance. The setting for the case is a $50 million investment in a new $1.3 billion fund (Fund III) being raised by Rhine Capital that is under consideration by the pension ...

Public Provision of Water

This note is used in the Darden course elective, "The Economics of Water." In many cities, water, sewage, and electricity utilities are city-owned, not-for-profit institutions. Indeed, a 2011 survey of 330 major cities worldwide published by Global Water Intelligence reveals that almost 85% of the water services of the cities surveyed are publicly managed; public-private partnerships account for 5 ...

Withdrawing Water from an Aquifer: The Economics

Water is a renewable natural resource. Driven by solar energy and gravity, the global water cycle indefinitely circulates water through the atmosphere, over continents, and across oceans. On a more local level, however, water sometimes has more of a nonrenewable character because it can be depleted, at least to some degree. Withdrawing too much water from an aquifer that has only limited recharge, ...

The Water Cycle, Climate Change, and (Some of) Their Interactions

This note is assigned in Darden's course elective, "Global Economics of Water." There is more than enough fresh water to satisfy the world's needs. The primary concern, however, is the geographical mismatch between water needs and the availability of water to communities who need it. Hence, a major challenge for the 21st century is to better manage this mismatch. In this note, we focus on one part ...

Securing a City's Future Water Supply: Building a Reservoir in Charlottesville, Virginia

The case is about a city's water security and draws on the intense debate about the construction of a reservoir in a college town in Virginia in the wake of a record drought. The case highlights the role of public utilities in water provision, illustrates the different positions of various stakeholders, and raises the question of what the appropriate price for water is. It provides stylized facts ...

Gold as a Portfolio Diversifier: The World Gold Council and Investing in Gold

The global head of investment research at the World Gold Council (WGC) had finished his presentation "The Strategic Case for Gold as an Asset Class" at the 2012 Bloomberg Precious Metals Conference in New York. As a result of the market collapse in 2008 and the ongoing euro-area crisis, investors worldwide had safety and security on their minds, and many in the room were wondering whether gold wou ...

Rio Tinto and the Resolution Copper Mining Joint Venture (C): Planning in the Global Financial Crisis

When the global recession of 2008-09 hit, Rio Tinto was forced to reexamine its spending priorities. Knowing that the availability of investment capital along with commodity prices would eventually rebound and that project delays could have a negative impact on net present value, David Salisbury and his team were faced with the additional challenge of prioritizing the various aspects of the RCM pr ...

Rio Tinto and the Resolution Copper Mining Joint Venture (B): Dewatering the Magma Mine

To dewater the former Magma Mine and sink the exploratory shaft, the RCM team was faced with extracting and managing about 2 billion gallons of naturally accumulated water as well as about 300 million gallons per year of new inflow. The team's goals were to accomplish the dewatering safely, in a quick and economically feasible way, while also protecting the environment and managing the interests o ...

Rio Tinto and the Resolution Copper Mining Joint Venture (A): The Land Exchange

From its inception, the Resolution Copper Mining (RCM) joint venture faced a number of significant technical, political, and environmental challenges as it attempted to develop a strategy for mining a copper ore body located under the Tonto National Forest in Superior, Arizona. As president and CEO of RCM, David Salisbury faced a number of key decisions in 2008-10 to keep the project on track. The ...
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